In finance, a buyout is an investment transaction by which the ownership equity of a company, or a majority share of the stock of the company is acquired. The acquiror thereby "buys out" the present equity holders of the target company. A buyout will often include the purchasing of the target company's outstanding debt, which is referred to as "assumed debt" by the purchaser.
How does a buyout work :
The buyout process typically commences when an interested acquirer formally makes a buyout offer to the board of directors of the target company, who represent the shareholders of the company. Negotiations will then ensue, after which the board of directors will provide insight to shareholders on whether to sell their shares or not.